What is natural gas and what are its benefits?
It is odorless, colorless, and lighter than air. In order for it to be perceptible by humans, fragrances are added to it, giving it a characteristic scent.
Natural gas is a fuel characterized by an much lower content of pollutants than other fuels; therefore, the environmental risk associated with its use is relatively low.
The quality of natural gas supplied to the customer is determined by regulations—particularly the Polish Standard (PN-C-04750), according to which one cubic meter of gas under normal conditions is defined as the amount of dry gas contained in a volume of 1 m3 at a temperature of 0 °C and a pressure of 101.3 kPa (760 mmHg).
- The use of natural gas brings benefits that make an activity more economical—reducing production costs from energy needs.
- Modern gas devices enable easy regulation and automation of the combustion process, which allows for high energy efficiency. We can use gas to heat rooms or water, or to prepare meals conveniently, without unnecessary effort.
- Natural gas saves space—as natural gas consumers, businesses do not need special rooms for fuel storage. With this, you can forget about the hassles of fuel supply, storage, and stockpiling.
- Natural gas is always at the customer’s disposal (around the clock for the same price). An additional advantage is the fact that customers pay for the fuel that is used.
- By using natural gas, you can maintain accurate and consistent parameters of the production process. This reduces production costs and increases market opportunities.
- Natural gas is burned without smoke or soot, which reduces the burden on the environment and eliminates the need for cleaning.
- Customers can fully control the amount of gas consumed and adjust it to their individual needs. The heating power can be adjusted to the temperature outside and inside the heated rooms.
- The design of gas-fired appliances is relatively simple, which increases their reliability and allows for easy maintenance.
- Well-maintained gas appliances are completely safe and convenient to use.
- Natural-gas-powered devices are practical, convenient, economical, and environmentally friendly. With a well-developed network of local gas works and service plants, the use of natural gas is convenient and safe.
Home insulation should include:
- wall insulation,
- improved thermal insulation on a flat roof,
- improved insulation of the floor above a basement, and
- modern window and door joinery.
At the same time, bear in mind the heat losses from ventilating buildings. These can be limited by using air recuperators, in which the heat coming out of the building along with the used air is partially transferred to the air supplied to the rooms.
Tips for efficient heating:
- Open the windows during the day so that the sun can heat the rooms.
- Do not cover radiators with curtains, furniture, or casings ( this causes heat to be trapped near the heater).
- Ventilate the apartment briefly but thoroughly, and turn off the heating when doing so.
- Use thermostats to lower the temperature while the residents are away.
- Regularly check heating devices.
Use and quality of gas
If, however, the burner persistently goes out, call the Gas Emergency Service (dial 992), which will check whether the reason for the flame going out is low gas pressure in the system or damage to the gas meter.
The causes of disturbances in the gas combustion process are usually dirty burners or contaminants in the gas system. In such cases, it is important to carry out appropriate maintanence, which can only be performed by people with special qualifications.
A flame of a different color indicates incomplete combustion of the gas, not poor-quality gas. In such cases, maintenance activities should be performed (only by authorized individuals).
The efficiency of the heat transfer process is also an important factor which influences the heating time. It depends on the size and shape of the vessel to be heated and the condition of the surfaces of its walls. For example, kettles become covered with limescale during use, which has a lower thermal conductivity, resulting in higher energy losses.
It is also important to choose an appropriately sized burner for the vessel. The heat accumulated in the flames outside the vessel cannot be used effectively. Drafts also reduce the efficiency in using the heat generated during gas combustion.
The volume of the room must meet the requirements resulting from the boiler’s power and ventilation needs. The room should have separate pipes of an appropriate diameter: exhaust gas and ventilation (with the exhaust grate as close to the ceiling as possible) pipes and a constant air supply (intake grate) that ensures proper gas combustion in the boiler. The ventilation and supply grilles must not be covered by anything!